"Notes" to the Belgic Confession - Rev. C. Bouwman
A COURSE ON THE BELGIC CONFESSION?
GOD'S COVENANT PROMISES AND PROFESSION OF FAITH
In His mercy God established His covenant with each one of us. Without any asking on our part, God reached out to each of us and said "You are mine." Within this covenant, God gave us promises which can be found summarised in the "Form for Baptism" (Book of Praise, pg 584). These promises are very personal promises for each one of God's children. In order to let this fact be impressed upon us, we do well to read these promises in the first person:
1. "When I was baptized into the Name of the Father, God the Father testifies and seals to me that He establishes an eternal covenant of grace with me. He adopts me as His child and heir, and promises to provide me with all good and avert all evil or turn it to my benefit." (This means that before I even took my first breath, when all I had done was fall into sin together with Adam and Eve, God the Father said to me, "You are Mine, I will care for you in the way that is best for you.")
2. "When I am baptized into the Name of the Son, God the Son promises me that He washes me in His blood from all my sins and unites me with Him in His death and resurrection. Thus I am freed from my sins and accounted righteous before God." (God the Son promised to make me clean, and to forgive all my sins: those committed both consciously and unconsciously.)
3. "When I am baptized into the Name of the Holy Spirit, God the Holy Spirit assures me by this sacrament that He will dwell in me and make me a living member of Christ, imparting to me what I have in Christ,
namely the cleansing from my sins and the daily renewal of my life, till I shall finally be presented without blemish among the assembly
of God's elect in life eternal." That is: God the Holy Spirit recreates
me. When I was dead in sin, He made me alive again so that I could live for
OF FAITH: A RESPONSE TO BAPTISM
We never asked God for
anything of the above, nor did He offer it to us. No, God imposed these
rich promises upon us. We must each ask of ourselves, "What is my response
to this? Am I indifferent to it all? Do I simply reject it? It is hardly possible
for me to do so! For if God has given me such wealth, my response must be
one of excitement. It cannot leave me cold! I've got to be excited that He wants to, does, and will continue to, deal with me in a way that is
best for me." It is our responsibility to respond to the covenant God
sealed with us at our baptism by way of profession of faith. Our response,
our profession of faith, is to say to God, "Yes Lord, I believe what
You said. I love You because You have made me Your child, because You care
for me, because You forgive my sins, because You have renewed me. I want to
live as Your child." Hence profession of faith is nothing other than
a response to baptism.
To know why one should
make profession of faith is one thing, but the motivation for making profession
of faith is quite another. Was our profession of faith so many years ago an
enthusiastic response to God's promises? Or was it simply the expected thing
to do? No matter what, as attendees at post-confession class, the issue is
that we have made profession of faith. We have stood before the Lord
and His church and confessed that we love Him, believe all He has said in
His Word, and will serve Him. Irrespective of our motives at the time, we
swore an oath to love God and serve him, and we are bound to it. We now all
have a task in His Kingdom, be it as a parent, as a member of His church,
as a carpenter, etc. We all have a task, and we are to do our tasks as persons
who have made profession of faith; as persons to whom God has said, "You
are mine. I have made my covenant with you."
OF FAITH: ITS IMPACT ON DAILY LIFE
We should each reflect
on the following: What does profession of faith mean concretely for my life
today? It means this, that my enthusiasm, my excitement on account of God's
promises to me, remains even today. It means I want to serve Him eagerly,
living out of the riches He gave. Profession of faith was not a 'once off'
event, nor is it merely my passport to the Lord's Supper, but it means rather
that I live today in a way consistent with what I professed so long ago. My
professing the faith impacts the way I live now.
Psalm 119: 97-112 captures
David's enthusiasm for his God and the promises of His God. "Oh,
how I love Your law! It is my meditation all the day" (vs
97). "How sweet are Your words to my taste, sweeter than honey
to my mouth!" (vs 103). David is in love with God's law. The result
of his rapture is that God's law is his meditation all the day. He compares
God's law to honey; in fact, he states that God's law is even better than
honey; sweeter. Why does he think so? Because he understood the riches God
gave to him. This didn't leave him cold, but rather, he was rapt in it. He
busied himself with God's Word. This enthusiasm will spill over into our appreciation
of the Bible so that we take it off the shelf and study it, eagerly.
CREEDS AND CONFESSIONS
A creed is a 'short'
statement of faith. God has given us the Bible, and in it revealed all
He wishes us to know about the covenant He made with each one of us. The Bible
is the source of our life. It is because of what the Bible is that David can
say "I love Your Word." Just as David responded to the Bible with
appreciation, so we too -given it's content- are to respond to it by saying,
"yes, I believe it; my response to what God says in it is that I accept
it as true."
What is it that is accepted
as true? What is it that we believe? THE BIBLE, which contains various doctrines:
doctrines of creation, redemption, the Church, election, etc. These are all
teachings which God has given to us. The statements "I believe that God
created the heavens and the earth," or "I believe that Jesus Christ
was born of the virgin Mary" are creeds: responses to God's Word.
More specifically, a creed is a short statement of MY FAITH, a statement of
what I believe. A creed is PERSONAL.
The Free Reformed Churches
of Australia have a total of six creeds, which can be subdivided as follows:
Dating from the first centuries, approximately 200 - 600 A.D.
Embraced by all the churches of the western world at that time (Europe)
Dating from the time of the Reformation
Adopted by the reformed churches of the Reformation
The creeds are
not theological treatises, but personal statements of faith. Even though
we as individuals did not write them, we can still call them our own, because
they are accurate summaries of the Bible. The Bible does not change
and its meaning does not change. Therefore, if another person centuries ago
has summarized the Bible accurately in his creeds, there is no reason why
we cannot use his words to confess our faith today. We can as it were place
our signature under each creed, stating thereby that it is 'my confession
of what God has done for me.'
PURPOSE OF THE CREEDS
Creeds are valued differently
by various groups:
1. 'A creed is an infallible decree.' It is to be accepted without any question. This is a distinctive view of the Roman Catholic Church. The Pope makes decrees, and one must simply agree.
is an incorrect view, for creeds are written by man. Since the Bible alone
is infallible, man's response, a creed, is not infallible. Man is a
sinner, and therefore no-one may attach the same authority to any of the creeds
as to the Bible.
2. 'A creed is an iron chain.' It is something that ties you down. This description is typical of the Anabaptists at the time of the Reformation who discarded all as being too restrictive. The Anabaptists want to leave room for the Holy Spirit to speak truth in one's heart, and one's heart must therefore at all times be open for what the Spirit may yet have to say.
Spirit does not give any new revelation to us. The creeds echo the Word of
God, and therefore are no more restrictive than the Bible itself is.
3. 'A creed is a sign-post.' This is said in particular by the Arminians who claim that creeds reflect the personal faith of the author. So a creed has historical value in telling us what persons of a previous generation believed. We for our part should remain free to decide what we wish to believe today.
Arminians detract from the value of the creeds. To say that they are only
of historical value is to say that the truth can keep changing. But the truth
does not change. We today may stand on the shoulders of the understanding
the fathers gained into Scripture, and confess their faith with them.
4. A creed is an echo
of what the Scriptures teach: a summary which repeats what Scripture
says. That gives a creed immense value. If a statement states accurately what
the Bible says, it certainly is worthwhile. This is a correct view on the
purpose of the creeds.
AUTHORITY OF THE CREEDS
Creeds have "derived"
authority or secondary authority. Having been written by man, they are subject to error. The creeds do not have any authority because of what they
themselves are, but because they capture accurately what the Bible says.
FUNCTION OF THE CREEDS
1 Tim. 3:15 "but
if I am delayed, I write so that you may know how you ought to conduct yourself
in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and
ground ot the truth." Note here the word pillar; examples
of pillars we are familiar with include street lights and power poles, both
of which are popularly used as bulletin boards for local announcements. The
church functions as a bulletin board in the world, a bill board to announce
the truth, to proclaim to the world what the Bible is all about. This function
of the Church can be perceived as:
1. Stating the
truth: e.g. the Belgic Confession. At the time Guido de Bres wrote it, the
Church was being persecuted. De Bres wanted to point out that the Church was
not a group of fanaticists, but merely believed what was written in the Bible.
2. Preparing a defense against heresies: e.g. the Canons of Dort, which presented the truth of God's
Word in the face of prevailing heresies at the time.
3. Serving as a teaching
aid for the uninformed: e.g. the Heidelberg Catechism, which was written
at the request of Elector Frederick III of the Palatinate, because of his
concern that his subjects did not know the faith.
4. Expressing together
the unity of faith: The three Forms of Unity (that is: the Belgic Confession,
the Heidelberg Catechism and the Canons of Dort) present the world with a
statement of what we together believe.
BIBLE IN ITS ENTIRETY
Why be busy with the whole Word of God? Why get so involved with all of it, and then not just
once but repeatedly? The motivation for doing so is:
1. A love for the Lord, instils a desire to be busy with all He says: Ps 119:97,103.
2. The will of God for each of His children is to be busy with what He has said:1. Lord's Day 7, Q&A 22: A Christian must believe all that is promised in the gospel.
2. Lord's Day 23, Q&A 59: the benefit of believing all this (i.e. the content of Lord's Days 8-22, which in turn contain a summary of the whole Scripture) is that one is righteous before God.
3. Mat. 28:19,20: Jesus instructs His disciples to teach all things He commanded them; no apostle could pick and choose what he would teach his converts.
4. John 20:30,31: these are written (i.e. chapteres 1-20). All the doctrines that Jesus spoke about were necessary for John's readers to believe that Jesus is the Christ and so receive salvation. No one is at liberty to delete or minimize any chapter or verse of what John has written.
5. Deut. 5:31-33: verse 31 speaks of all the commandments. Moses had to teach the laws concerning the feasts, cleanliness, sacrifices. The doctrines of sin, redemption, depravity, election etc were all embodied in these laws. God instructed Moses to teach them all, and insist that the people not turn to the right or left of anything God has revealed.
The conclusion is that
God does not wish any one to take any liberties with any doctrines; God says
they are all important to everyone.
GETTING DOCTRINE RIGHT IS THE KEY TO GETTING ALL OF LIFE RIGHT!
Underneath daily practise
lies doctrine. For example, one's choice of a marriage partner is not only
an emotional matter, but at heart a doctrinal issue. God has ordained that
marriage reflect the unity that exists between Christ and His Church. Such
close unity cannot exist between a believer and an unbeliever. Further, the
doctrine of the covenant involves that God entrusts His covenant children
into the care of believing parents, so that these parents might in turn teach
God's children His ways. If God's children are to be instructed in the ways
of all His commandments, can a believer do this together with an unbeliever?
Right doctrine produces right ethics. Right doctrine determines the way one
lives. If one errs in doctrine, this will be evident in his life, and vice
versa. Many of Paul's letters can be divided into two parts: the first part
is devoted to doctrine, and the second to the practice resulting from this
So why study the Belgic
Confession at post-confession class? The Belgic Confession contains many doctrines. Getting doctrine right is the key to getting life right!