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Select Annotated Bibliography

Of the Reformation

R S Clark, D.Phil.,

Associate Professor of Church History
Westminster Theological Seminary in California

(rev. Feb. 2000)

©R. S. Clark, 2000

1. Standard References

Bauman, M., M. Klauber, ed., Historians of the Christian Tradition (Nashville, 1995).
Long needed review of the major Christian historians. Who tells the story and why is told is almost as important as what they say.

Brady, T. A., H. A. Oberman, J. D. Tracy ed.,, Handbook of European History 1400-1600, 2 vol. (GR: Eerdmans, 1996).
Outstanding introduction to the social history of Europe before and during the Reformation.

Collins, J.F., Primer of Ecclesiasitical Latin (Washington, D.C., 1985).
Outstanding! The only one of its kind.

Douglas, J.D., ed., New International Dictionary of the Christian Church (Grand Rapids,1978).
A reliable supplement to the ODCC.

Elwell, W., ed., Evangelical Dictionary of Theology (Grand Rapids, 1984)
Well done and under considerable revision. If you can buy it inexpensively, get it.

Elwell, W., ed., Handbook of Evangelical Theologians (Grand Rapids, 1993).
Helpful essays on important 20c evangelicals. Some of the essays are not as objective as they might have been.

Ferguson, S. New International Dictionary of Theology (Downers Grove, 1988)
Generally well done.

Hastings, J. ed., The Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics, 13 vol. (New York, 1908-28)
A standard 19c reference. Obviously dated but not a bad place to begin, especially in historical matters.

Hillerbrand, H., ed., The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation (Oxford, 1996).
An important but widely flawed reference. It must be used, but with discretion.

Höfer, J., ed., Lexikon für Theolgie unk Kirche, 10 vol. (Freiburg, 1957-67).
Standard German theological and historical reference.

Houldon, Leslie, P. Byrne, Companion Encyclopedia of Theology (London, 1995).
A new, mostly liberal, English review of the state of the theological loci.

Kepple, R. Reference Works for Theological Research (Lanham, MD, 1981).
This is a crucial theological bibliography. You should buy the latest edition of this book and learn to use it. It will save you a great deal of time and effort and get you oriented to the basic reference literature. To begin an essay you should always begin with the reference works. The first reference work you use should be this one.

Krause, G. and Gerhard Müller, ed., Theologische Realencyclopädie, (Berlin, 1977-).
Standard German reference.

Loetscher, L. , ed., The Twentieth Century Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 2 vol. (Grand Rapids, 1955).
Concise, updated version of Shaff-Herzogg.

Maltby, William S. ed. Reformation Europe: A Guide to Research II (St. Louis, 1992).

McKim, D., and D. Wright, ed., Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith (Louisville, 1992).
The only thing of its kind, generally well done though the omissions are surprising. Well worth owning.

Schaff, P., ed., The Schaff-Herzogg Encyclopdia of Religious Knowledge, 13 vol. (New York, 1908-12).
Standard 19c reference. Obviously dated but still servicable for historical questions particularly.

The New Catholic Encyclopedia (New York, 1967-78).
Generally of high quality. Well worth consulting.

2. Theology

2.1. Dogmatic and Systematic Theologies

2.1.1. Patristic

Schaff, P. et al., The Ante-Nicene, Nicene and Post Nicene Fathers, 32 vol. (Edinburgh, 1884-).

2.1.2. Medieval

Aquinas, Thomas. Summa theologiae, 61 vol. [Blackfriars E.T.] (Cambridge, 1964-1981).

—— Summa Theologica, 5 vol. (Westminster, MD [repr.] 1981).

Ockham, William. Quodlibetal Questions (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999).

2.1.3. Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Protestants

Ames, William The Marrow of Theology, trans. John Dykstra Eusden (Durham, NC, 1983).
The Medulla Theologiae is a fair representative of English and Dutch Puritan theology in the first half of the 17c.

Arminius, James. The Writings of James Arminius, 3 vol. trans. and ed. J. Nichols and W.R. Bagnall (Grand Rapids, repr. 1977)

Beza, Theodore. The Christian Faith. trans. James Clark (East Sussex, 1992).

Bucanus, William. Institutions of the Christian Religion. trans. R. Hill. (London, 1606).

Calvin, John. Institutes of the Christian Religion.
Available chiefly in three English editions. The Battles’ translation published in the LCC series is the standard critical edition. The older Beveridge edition is available on-line at: http://ccel.wheaton.edu/calvin/institutes/icr1.txt. The Allen edition is also serviceable. The Battles’ trans. of the 1536 edn was published in English by Eerdmans in 1986. The Latin text of the Institutes is available in the Opera Selecta, 5 vol. ed. Peter Barth and W. Niesel (Munich, 1926-62) and in the Corpus Reformatorum, ed. C.G. Bretschneider. 101 vol. (Halle, 1834-1959) as well as in the Tholuck edn (Edinburgh, 1874). His commentaries are widely available in English translation in two editions.

-- Calvin’s Calvinism: Treatises on the Eternal Predestination of God and the Secret Providence of God, trans., Henry Cole (Cambridge, 1856 repr.)

-- -- Sermons on Galatians, trans. A. Golding (London, 1574, repr. 1995).

-- Treatises Against the Anabaptists etc. (Grand Rapids, 1982)

-- Concerning Scandals (Grand Rapids, 1978)

-- Instruction in Faith (1537) (Phila., 1959)

-- Theological Treatises (Phila., 1954)

-- Tracts Tracts & Treatises 7 vol. (Grand Rapids, repr. 1983).

-- Sermons on Ten Commandments (Grand Rapids, 1980)

-- Sermons on Ephesians (Edinburgh, repr 1973)

-- Sermons on the Saving Work of Christ (Grand Rapids, 1950)

-- Sermons on Timothy and Titus (Edinburgh, repr. 1983)

-- Ecclesiastical Advice (Edinburgh, 1991)

Chemnitz, M. Loci Theologici 2 vol. trans. J.A.O. Preus (St Louis, 1989).

Heppe, Heinrich. Reformed Dogmatics, trans. G.T. Thomson (Grand Rapids, ).
The German edn with the Latin texts is: Die Dogmatik der evangelisch-reformirten Kirche. Elberfeld, 1861.

Johnson, W.S. and J.H. Leith, ed., Reformed Reader: A Sourcebook in Christian Theology, vol.1. (Louisville, 1993). A collection of passages from various Reformed theologians (a few decidedly non-Reformed theologians!) arranged under the loci.

Kidd, B.J. Documents of the Continental Reformation (Oxford, 1911).

Kolb, R. Martin Luther as Prophet, Teacher and Hero: Images of the Reformer, 1520-1620 (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999).

Luther, Martin. Works. 55 vol. trans. and ed. J. Pelikan and H.T. Lehmann (Philadelphia and St. Louis, 1955-). The German and Latin texts are available in Luthers Werke Kritische Gesamtausgabe (Weimar, 1883-). There is also a six volume edition of Luther’s works called the ‘Philadelphia edition’.

-- Bondage of the Will trans. Packer and Johnston (Cambridge, 1973)

--Works 6 vol. (Phila., 1915)

-- Three Treatises (Phila., 1970)

-- Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (Grand Rapids, 1954)

Melanchthon, Philip. Loci Communes
The Loci Communes were the first Protestant dogmatics and crucially important for that reason alone. The 1521 edn particularly represents a brilliant distillation of Luther’s theology. Exists in three English editions. The 1521 edn. is found the the Library of Christian Classics edition, Melanchthon and Bucer, and the 1543 edn is published by Concordia Publishing House. The 1555 edn is available in Melanchton on Christian Doctrine. Loci Communes 1555. ed. Clyde L. Manschreck (Oxford, 1965).

-- Commentary on Romans. trans. Fred Kramer (St. Louis : Concordia, 1992).
Regarded by Theodore Beza as the premiere Protestant commentary on Romans. All the Protestant theologians read and were influenced by it.

Muller, R.A., Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics 2 vol. (Grand Rapids, 1987-).
Muller is the world’s leading interpreter of Protestant scholasticism. This an outstanding introduction to the Reformed tradition. Vol. 3 is forthcoming. Easily the best way to gain access our Reformed tradition.

Olevian, A Firm Foundation, trans. and ed., L. Bierma (Grand Rapids, 1995).
A significant student of Calvin and influential transmitter of German Calvinism. This was his first commentary on the creed and serves as a guide to the Heidelberg Catechism (1563).

Perkins, William. The Work of William Perkins (Oxfon, 1970)

Polanus, Amandus. The Substance of the Christian Religion. trans. E.W. (London, 1595).

Rollock, Robert. Select Works of Robert Rollock. 2 vol. ed. William M.Gunn. (Ediburgh, 1849).

Ursinus, Zacharias. Commentary on the Heidelberg Catechism. trans. and ed., G. Willard (Philipsburg, 1985). The primary author of the Heidelberg Catechism and of the more important of the early orthodox Reformed theologians. A good example of early Reformed scholasticism.

Zwingli, H. Commentary on True and False Religion, ed., Samuel Macauley Jackson and C.N. Heller (Durham, 1981).

-- and Bullinger (Library of Christian Classics) ed. G.W. Bromiley (Phila., 1953)

-- Selected Works (Philadelphia, 1972).

-- Early Writings (New York, 1912).

-- On Providence and Other Essays, ed. S. M. Jackson, W.J. Hinke (Durham, NC, repr. 1983).

2.2. Historical Theologies

Berkhof, L., Reformed Dogmatics (Grand Rapids, 1937).
Solid introduction, if dated, to the basic issues in historical theology.

Bradley, James E. and R.A. Muller, Church History: An Introduction to Research, Reference Works and Methods (Grand Rapids, 1995).

Bromiley, G., Historical Theology: An Introduction (Grand Rapids, 1978).
Generally dependable, modern, thorough historical theology.

Cunningham, William. Historical Theology, 2 vol (1862. Edinburgh, repr. 1979)
Well known Scots Calvinist. One of the more generally reliable historical theologies to emerge from the 19c. Still, it must be read with caution and compared with more contemporary scholarship.

Farmer, C. The Gospel of John in the Sixteenth Century (OUP, 1997).
Outstanding example of a history of exegesis.

Hägglund, Bengt, History of Theology. trans. Gene L. Lund 3rd edn (St Louis, 1968).
Fair minded and thoughtful Lutheran review of the history of doctrine.

McGiffert, A.C. History of Christian Thought. 2 vol. (New York, 1954).

McGrath, A.E., ed., The Christian Theology Reader (Oxford: Blackwells, 1994)

--Historical Theology (Oxford: Blackwells, 1998).

--Iustitia Dei. A History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification 2 vol. (Cambridge: CUP, 1986-)

Olson, R. The Story of Christian Theology (IVP, 1999).

Pelikan, Jaroslav. The Christian Tradition. A History of the Development of Doctrne. 5 vol. Chicago, 1984.

Ritschl, Albrecht. A Critical History of the Christian Doctrine of Justification and Reconciliation. trans. John S. Black. Edinburgh, 1872.

Seeburg, R., History of Doctrines, 2 vol. (Philadelphia, 1904)

Shedd, W.G.T., A History of Christian Doctrine, 2 vol. (New York, 1909)

Tillich, Paul. A History of Christian Thought, ed. Carl E. Braaten (New York, 1972).

3. Humanism

Bainton, R. Erasmus of Christendom (New York, 1969)

Bouwsma, William J. 'Renaissance and Reformation: An Essay in Their Affinities and Connections'. In Luther and the Dawn of the Modern Era. ed. Heiko Oberman. Leiden, 1974.

Copenhaver, B.P. and C.Scmitt, Renaissance Philosophy(Oxford, 1992)

Emerton, E. Humanism and Tyranny (Gloucester, MA, 1964)

Breen, Quirinius. Christianity and Humanism. Grand Rapids, 1968.

Hughes, Philip Edgcumbe. Lefévre: Pioneer of Ecclesiastical Reform in France. Grand Rapids, 1984.

-- 'Jacques LeFèvre d'Etaples (c.1455-1536)'. Calvinus Reformator: His Contribution to Theology, Church and State. Pochestroom, 1982.

Fleischer, M. The Harvest of Humanism in C. Europe (St Louis, 1992)

Kelley, Donald R. Foundations of Modern Historical Scholarship (New York, 1970)

-- The Beginning of Ideology. Cambridge, 1981.

Kristeller, Paul Oskar. Renaissance Thought and its Sources, ed. Michael Mooney. New York, 1979.

Linder, Robert D. 'Calvinism and Humanism: The First Generation'. Church History 44 (1975): 167-81.

Nauert, Charles G. 'The Clash of Humanists and Scholastics: An Approach to Pre-Reformation Controversies'. Sixteenth Century Journal 4 (1973): 1-18.

Rummel, E. The Humanist-Scholastic Debate (Cambridge, MA, 1995)

Spitz, Lewis W. The Religious Renaissance of the German Humanists. Cambridge, MA, 1963.

-- The Religious Renaissance of the German Humanists. Cambridge, Mass. 1963.

-- 'The Course of German Humanism'. Itinerarium Italicum. The Profile of the Italian Reniassance in the Mirror of its European Transformations ed. H.A. Oberman and T.A. Brady. Leiden, 1975.

Trinkaus, C. The Scope of Renaissance Humanism. Ann Arbor, 1983.

4. Reformation Histories

Bainton, R.H. The Reformation of the Sixteenth Century. Boston, 1952.

Burchill, Christopher J. 'The Urban Reformation and its Fate: Problems and Perspectives in the Consolidation of the German Protestant Movement'. The Historical Journal 27 (1984): 997-1010.

Cameron, Euan. The European Reformation. Oxford, 1991.

Dorner, I.A. History of Protestant Theology. 2 vol. trans. George Robson and Sophia Taylor. Edinburgh, 1871.

Friedman, J. ed. Regnum, Religio et Ratio: Essays Presented to Robert M. Kindon, (Kirksville, 1987).

Kirk, James. ed. Humanism and Reform: The Church in Europe, England and Scotland, 1400-1643. Oxford, 1991.

Lindsay, Thomas M. A History of The Reformation. 2 vol. New York, 1922.

Littell, F.H. ed. Reformation Studies. Essays Honoring Roland H. Bainton (Richmond, 1962)

Oberman, H.A. and Frank A. James III Via Augustini: Augustine in the Later Middle Ages, Renaissance and Reformation (Leiden, 1991)

Raitt, J. ed. Shapers of Religious Traditions in Germany, Switzerland, and Poland 1500-1600 (New Haven, 1981)

5. Reformation Studies

Avis, Paul D. L. The Church in the Theology of the Reformers. Basingstoke, 1981.

Baker, D., Reform and Reformation: England and the Continent (Oxford, 1979)

Cameron, Euan 'The Late Renaissance and the Unfolding Reformation in Europe'. ed. Derek Baker. Reform and Reformation: England and the Continent c.1500- c.1750. Oxford, 1979.

-- The Reformation of the Heretics (Oxford, 1984)

Chadwick, Owen. Reformation (New York, 1964)

Clark, R. S. "Regensburg and Regensburg II," Modern Reformation (September/October, 1998).

Cochrane, Arthur C. ed. Reformed Confessions of the Sixteenth Century. Philadelphia, 1966.

Cunningham, William. The Reformers and the Theology of the Reformation. Edinburgh, 1967.

Dickens, A.G. English Reformation (2nd edn)

--- Reformation and Society (New York, 1966)

Ebling, Gerhard. 'On the Doctrine of the Triplex usis legis in the Theology of the Reformation'. Word and Faith. trans. J.W. Leith. London, 1963.

Gerrish, B.A. 'Biblical Authority and the Reformation' Scottish Journal of Theology 10 1957: 337-51

—— ed., Reformers in Profile (Phila: Fortress, 1967)
Vignettes on late ME moral Reformers, 16c, Protestants and counter-Reformation figures.

Hall, P. ed. The Harmony of Protestant Confessions (repr. 1842, 1992)

Hillerbrand, Hans J. The World of the Reformation. London, 1975.

--.The Protestant Reformation. ed. New York, 1968.

Hsia, R. Po-Chia. Social Discipline in the Reformation: Central Europe 1550-1750. London, 1989.

Kidd, B.J. ed. Documents Illustrative of the Continental Reformation. Oxford, 1911.

Knox, R. Buick. ed. Reformation, Conformity and Dissent. Knox. London, 1977.

Leonard, E.G. A History of Protestantism. ed. H.H. Rowley and trans. J.M.H. Reid and R. M. Bethell. 2 vol. London, 1965-7.

Littell, Franklin H. ed., Reformation Studies. Essays in Honor of Roland H. Bainton (Richmond, 1962).

Lortz, Joseph. The Reformation in Germany. 2 vol. trans. Ronald Walls. London, 1968.

McGrath, Alister E. The Intellectual Origins of the European Reformation. Oxford, 1987.

-- Reformation Thought: An Introduction. Oxford, 1988.

McNeill, J.T. 'Natural Law in the Teaching of the Reformers'. Journal of Religion 26 (1946): 168-182.

Möller, Bernd. Imperial Cities and the Reformation: Three Essays, trans., H.C. Erik Middlefort and Mark U. Edwards. Philadelphia, 1972.

Noll, M. ed. Confessions and Catechisms of the Reformation (Grand Rapids, 1991)

Oberman , H.A. 'Europa Afflicta: The Reformation of the Refugees' Archive für Reformationgeschicte 83 1992: 91-111.

-- Forerunners of the Reformation: The Shape of Late Medieval Thought. Philadelphia, 1981.

-- Masters of the Reformation: The Ermergence of a New Intellectual Climate in Europe. trans. D. Martin. Cambridge, 1981.

-- The Dawn of the Reformation. T & T Clark: Edinburgh, 1986.

-- Luther: Man Between God and the Devil. trans., Eileen Walliser-Schwarzbart. [reprint] London, 1993.

-- Harvest of Medieval Theology. Cambridge, Mass, 1963.

-- Luther and the Dawn of the Modern Era. Leiden, 1974.

-- and T.A. Brady. ed. Itinerarium Italicum. The Profile of the Italian Renaissance in the Mirror of its European Transformations: Dedicated to Paul Oskar Kristeller. ed. H. A. Oberman and T.A. Brady. Leiden, 1975.

-- The Reformation. Roots and Ramifications. trans. Alan Colin Gow. Edinburgh, 1994.

Ozment, Steven E. ed. Reformation Europe: A Guide to Research. St. Louis, 1982.

-- The Age of Reform 1250-1550: An Intellectual and Religious History of Late Medieval and Reformation Europe. London, 1980.

-- ed. The Reformation in Medieval Perspective. Chicago, 1971.

-- The Reformation in the Cities. The Appeal of Protestantism to Sixteenth Century Germany and Switzerland. London, 1975.

Rupp, Gordon. Patterns of Reformation. London, 1969.

Scribner, R.W. The German Reformation. London, 1986.

Sessions, Kyle C. and Phillip N. Bebb, ed. Pietas et Societas: New Trends in Reformation Social History. Essays in Honor of Harold J. Grimm (Kirksville, 1985).

Spitz, Lewis W. ed. The Protestant Reformation. Englewood Cliffs, 1966.

-- The Protestant Reformation 1517-1559. New York, 1985.

-- The Renaissance and Reformation Movements. 2 vol. St. Louis, 1971.

Steinmetz, David C. Reformers in the Wings. Philadelphia, 1971.

Trevor-Roper, H. R. Religion, the Reformation and Social Change. Second ed., London, 1972.

6. Luther and Lutheranism

Althaus, Paul. The Theology of Martin Luther. trans. Robert C. Schultz. Philadelphia, 1966.

Atkinson, James. The Great Light: Luther and the Reformation (Grand Rapids, 1968).

——Martin Luther and the Birth of Protestantism (London, 1968).

Bainton, R.H. Here I Stand (1950).

Braaten, Carl E. and R. W. Jenson ed., Union with Christ: The New Finnish Interpretation of Luther (GR: Eerdmans, 1998)
The new perspective on Paul meets Luther studies.

Cargill-Thompson, W.D.J.. The Political Thought of Martin Luther Sussex, 1984

Farthing, John L. Thomas Aquinas and Gabriel Biel: Interpretations of St. Thomas Aquinas in German Nominalism on the Eve of the Reformation. Durham and London, 1988.

Gerrish, B.A. Grace and Reason. A Study in the Theology of Luther. Oxford, 1962

Headley, J.M. Luther’s Use of Church History (New Haven, 1963).

Lohse, Bernhard. Martin Luther: An Introduction to His Life and Work. Edinburgh, 1986.

-- Martin Luther’s Theology: Its Historical and Systematic Development (Phila: Fortress, 1999).

Mackinnon, James. Luther and the Reformation. 4 vol. London, 1925-30.

McGrath, Alister E. Luther's Theology of the Cross: Martin Luther's Theological Breakthrough. Oxford, 1985.

Oberman, H.A. Luther: Man Between God and the Devil (New Haven, 1989)

Pelikan, J. ed. Interpreters of Luther (Philadelphia, 1968).

--Obedient Rebels: Catholic Substance and Protestant Principle in Luther's Reformation (New York, 1964)

Preus, Robert D. The Theologyof Post-Reformation Lutheranism A Study of Theological Prolegomena. 2 vol. St. Louis, 1970.

-- The Inspiration of Scripture. A Study of the theology of the Seventeenth Century Lutheran Dogmaticians (Mankato, MN, 1955).

Rupp, G. Luther’s Progress to the Diet of Worms 1521 (London, 1951)

--The Righteousness of God (London, 1953)

Spitz, Lewis P. and Wenzel Lohff ed. Discord, Dialogue and Concord: Studies in the Lutheran Reformation's Formula of Concord (Philadelphia, 1977).

Steinmetz, David. C. Luther and Staupitz: An Essay in the Intellectual Origins of the Protestant Reformation. Durham, N.C. 1980.

—— Luther in Context (GR: Baker, 1996)

Marius, R. Martin Luther: Christian Between God and Death (Harvard, 1999).

Brecht, M. and J. Schaaf, Martin Luther:The Preservation of the Church, 1532-1546 (Phila: Fortress, 1999).

7. Tyndale Studies

Cargill Thompson, W.D.J. 'The Two Regiments: The Continental Setting of William Tyndale's Political Thought'. Reform and Reformation: England and the Continent c.1500- c.1750. ed. Derek Baker. Oxford, 1979.

McGiffert, Michael. 'William Tyndale's Conception of Covenant'. Journal of Ecclesiastical History 32 (1981): 167-84.

Trueman, C. R. Luther’s Legacy: Salvation and English Reformers 1525-1556 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

8. Melanchthon Studies

Breen, Q. ‘The Subordination of Philosophy to Rhetoric in Melanchthon’ ARG 43 (1952)

Fraenkel, Pierre. Testimonia Patrum. The Function of the Patristic Argument in the Theology of Philip Melanchthon. Geneva, 1961.

Green, L. ‘Erasmus, Luther and Melanchthon on the Magnus Consensus: The Problem of the Old and the New in the Reformation and Today’ The Lutheran Quarterly 27 (1975).

Maag, Karin, ed., Melanchthon in Europe: His Work and Influence Beyond Wittenberg (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999).

Manschrek, C.L. Melanchthon, the Quiet Reformer. New York, 1958.

-- The Bible in Melanchthon’s Philosophy of Education’ Journal of Bible and Religion 23 (1955).

Meijering, E.P. Melanchthon and Patristic Thought. The Doctrines of Christ, Grace, the Trinity and the Creation. Leiden, 1983.

Meyer, Carl S. ‘Melanchthon, Theologian of Ecumenism’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History 27 (1966).

Reed, A.C. ‘Melanchthon’s 1521 Loci Communes: The First Protestant Apology’ The Churchman

Rogness, Michael. Philip Melanchthon. Reformer Without Honor. Minneapolis, 1969.

Scheible, H. ‘Luther and Melanchthon’ trans. T. Wengert Lutheran Quarterly (1990)

Wengert, Timothy J., Law and Gospel: Philip Melanchthon's Debate with John of Agricola of Eisleben over Poenitentia. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1997.

-- Human Freedom, Christian Righteousness: Philip Melanchthon's Exegetical Dispute with Erasmus of Rotterdam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Wengert is probably the leading scholar of Melanchthon in the English speaking world.

Zuck, Lowell H. 'Heinrich Heppe: A Melanchthonian Liberal in the Nineteenth Century German Reformed Church'. Church History 51 (1982): 419-33.

-- 'Melanchthonianism and Reformed Theology in the Late 16th Century' Controversy and Conciliation: The Palatinate Reformation, 1559-1618. ed. Derk Visser. Pittsburgh, 1986.

9. Calvin and Calvinism

Anderson, Marvin W. 'Peter Martyr, Reformed Theologian (1542-1562): His Letters to Heinrich Bullinger and John Calvin'. Sixteenth Century Journal 4 (1973): 41-64.

Armstrong, Brian G. Calvinism and the Amyraut Heresy: Protestant Scholasticism and Humanism in Seventeenth-Century France. Madison, 1969.

Backus, Irena. 'The Teaching of Logic in Two Protestant Academies at the End of the Sixteenth Century. The Reception of Zarabella in Strasbourg and Geneva' Archiv für Reformationgeschicte 80 (1989): 240-51.

Balke, W. Calvin and the Anabaptist Radicals. trans. W.J. Heynen (Grand Rapids, 1981).

Baird, Henry Martyn. Theodre Beza. The Counsellor of the French Reformation. New York, 1899.

Barth, Karl., The Theology of John Calvin, trans. Geoffrey W. Bromiley (Grand Rapids, 1995).

Battles, Ford Lewis. 'God Was Accommodating Himself to Human Capacity'. Interpretation 31 (1977): 19-38.

-- 'Calculus Fidei'. Calvinus Ecclesiae Doctor. ed. W. Neuser. Kampen, 1978.

-- The Piety of John Calvin (Grand Rapids, 1978)

Bavinck, Herman. 'Calvin and Common Grace' Calvin and the Reformation trans. G. Vos. London, 1909.

Beardsley III. John W. Reformed Dogmatics: J. Wollebius, G. Voetius, F. Turretin. New York, 1965.

Beeke, Joel R. Assurance of Faith: Calvin, English Puritanism and the Dutch Second Reformation. New York, 1991.

-- 'Faith and Assurance in the Heidelberg Catechism and its Primary Composers: A Fresh Look at the Kendall Thesis', Calvin Theological Journal 27 (1992): 39-67.

Bierma, Lyle D. 'Covenant or Covenants in the Theology of Olevianus?' Calvin Theological Journal 22 (1987): 228-250.

-- 'Federal Theology in the Sixteenth Century: Two Traditions?' Westminster Theological Journal 45 (1983): 304-321.

-- 'Olevianus and the Authorship of the Heidelberg Catechism: Another Look'. Sixteenth Century Journal 13 (1982):17-27.

-- 'The Covenant Theology of Caspar Olevian'. Ph.D. Diss. Duke University, 1980.

-- 'The Role of Covenant Theology in Early Reformed Orthodoxy'. The Sixteenth Century Journal 21 (1990): 453-462.

-- 'Vester Grundt and the Origins of the Heidelberg Catechism' Later Calvinism. International Perspectives Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies vol. 22 ed. W. Fred Graham Kirksville, MO, 1994.

Bouwsma, William J. 'Calvin and the Renaissance Crisis of Knowing'. Calvin Theological Journal 17 (1982): 190-211

-- John Calvin: A Sixteenth Century Portrait. Oxford, 1988.

Bray, John S. Theodore Beza's Doctrine of Predestination. Nieuwkoop, 1975.

Breen, Quirinus. John Calvin: A Study in French Humanism. Grand Rapids, 1931

Burchill, Christopher, J. 'On the Consolation of a Christian Scholar: Zacharias Ursinus (1534-1583) and the Reformation in Heidelberg'. Journal of Ecclesiastical History 37 (1986): 565-583.

-- 'Girolamo Zanchi: Portrait of a Reformed Theologian and His Work'. Sixteenth Century Journal 15 (1984): 185-207.

Butin, Philip. W. , 'John Calvin's Humanist Image of Popular Late-Medieval Piety and its Contribution to Reformed Worship'. Calvin Theological Journal 29 (1994): 419-31.

-- Revelation, Redemption and Response. Calvin's Trinitarian Understanding of the Divine-Human Relationship. New York, 1995.

Clark, R S. "The Catholic-Calvinist Trinitarianism of Caspar Olevian," Westminster Theological Journal 61(1999): 15-39.

-- "The Authority of Reason in the Later Reformation: Scholasticism in Caspar Olevian and Antoine de La Faye,"Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment, ed., Carl Trueman, R. Scott Clark. Carlisle, UK: Paternoster, 1999.

-- "Calvin and the Lex Naturalis," Stulos Theological Journal 6 (1998): 1-22.

-- & J. R. Beeke, "Ursinus, Oxford and the Westminster Divines." The Westminster Confession into the 21st Century: Essays in Remembrance of the 350th Anniversary of the Publication of the Westminster Confession of Faith, ed. J. Ligon Duncan and Duncan Rankin. Reformed Academic Press, forthcoming.

-- "Ridley, Latimer, and Cranmer: The Oxford Martyrs," Reformation and Revival: A Quarterly Journal for Church Leadership: The Church, 7 (1998): 167-79.

-- "The Belgic Confession - Article 14: Of the Creation and Fall," Christian Observer 173.23 (December 1, 1995): 23.

-- "The Belgic Confession- Article 15: Sin," Christian Observer 173.24 (December, 1, 1995)

-- "The Evangelical Fall from the Means of Grace," The Compromised Church, ed. John Armstrong (Wheaton: Crossway, 1998).

Collinson, Patrick. The Elizabethan Puritan Movement. London, 1967.

Dent, C.M. Protestant Reformers in Elizabethan Oxford (Oxford, 1985)

deGreef, W. The Writings of John Calvin: An Introductory Guide trans. L.D. Bierma (Grand Rapids, 1993)

Donnelly, John Patrick. 'Calvinist Thomism'. Viator 7 (1976): 441-55.

-- 'Immortality and Method in Ursinus's Theological Ambiance' Controversy and Conciliation: The Palatinate Reformation, 1559-1618. ed. Derk Visser. Pittsburgh, 1986.

-- 'Italian Influences on the Development of Calvinist Scholasticism'. Sixteenth Century Journal 7 (1976): 81-101.

-- Calvinism and Scholasticism in Vermigli's Doctrine of Man and Grace. Leiden, 1976.

-- 'Immortality and Method in Ursinus's Theological Ambiance'. Controversy and Conciliation: The Palatinate Reformation, 1559-1618. ed. Derk Visser. Pittsburgh, 1986.

Dowey, Edward A. The Knowledge of God in Calvin's Theology. New York, 1952.

Duffield, G. ed. John Calvin. Courtenay Studies in Reformation Theology, I. Appleford, 1966.

Duke, Alistair, Gillian Lewis and Andrew Pettegree. ed. Calvinism in Europe 1540-1610: A Collection of Documents. Manchester, 1992.

Eire, C.M.N. War Against the Idols: The Reformation of Worship from Erasmus to Calvin. Cambridge, 1986.

Farthing, John L. 'De Coniungio Spirituali: Jerome Zanchi on Ephesians 5:22-33'. Sixteenth Century Journal 24 (1993): 621-52.

-- 'Foedus Evangelicum: Jerome Zanchi on the Covenant'. Calvin Theological Journal 29 (1994): 149-67.

-- 'Christ and the Eschaton: the Reformed Eschatology of Jerome Zanchi'. Later Calvinism. International Perspectives. Sixteenth Century Essays and Studies Vol., 22. ed., W. Fred Graham. Kirksville, 1994.

Ganoczy, Alexandre. The Young Calvin. trans. David Foxgrover and Wade Provo. Edinburgh, 1977.

George, Timothy. ed. John Calvin and the Church. A Prism of Reform. Louisvile, 1990.

Gerrish, B.A. 'John Calvin and the Reformed Doctrine of the Lord's Supper'. McCormick Quarterly 22 (1969): 85-98.

-- Grace and Gratitude. Edinburgh, 1993.

Godfrey, W. Robert. 'Biblical Authority in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A Question of Transition', Scripture and Truth ed. D.A. Carson and John D. Woodbridge (Grand Rapids, 1983).

-- 'Reformed Thought on the Extent of the Atonement to 1618'. Westminster Theological Journal 37 (1975): 133-71.

-- 'Tensions within International Calvinism: The Debate on the Atonement at the Synod of Dordt 1618-1619'. Ph.D. Diss. Stanford University, 1974.

Graham, W. Fred ed. Later Calvinism. International Perspectives. Kirksville, 1994

Helm, Paul. Calvin and the Calvinists. Edinburgh, 1982.

-- 'Calvin (and Zwingli) on Divine Providence'. Calvin Theological Journal 29 (1994): 388-405.

Heppe, Heinrich. Reformed Dogmatics Set Out and Illustrated from the Sources. trans. G.T. Thomson. ed. E. Bizer. London. 1950.

Höpfl, Harro. The Christian Polity of John Calvin. Cambridge, 1982.

Jones, S. Calvin and the Rhetoric of Piety (Louisville: WJKP, 1995).

Kantzer, Kenneth S. 'John Calvin's Theory of the Knowledge of God and the Word of God'. Ph.D. Thesis, Harvard University, 1950.

Karlberg, Mark W. 'Covenant Theology and the Westminster Tradition'. Westminster Theological Journal 54 (1992): 135-152.

-- 'Reformed Interpretation of the Mosaic Covenant'. Westminster Theological Journal 43 (1980): 1-57.

-- 'The Mosaic Covenant and the Concept of Works in Reformed Hermeneutics: A Historical-Critical Analysis with Particular Attention to Early Covenant Eschatology'. Ph.D. Diss. Westminster Theological Seminary, 1980.

Kendall, R.T. Calvin and English Calvinism to 1649. Oxford, 1979.

Klauber, Martin I. 'Continuity and Discontinuity in Post-Reformation Reformed Theology: An Evaluation of the Muller Thesis'. Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 33 (1990): 467-75.

-- 'Between Protestant Orthodoxy and Rationalism: Fundamental Articles in the Early Career of Jean LeClerc'. The Journal of the History of Ideas 54 (1993): 611-36.

Lane, A.N.S. 'Calvin's Use of the Father's and Medievals'. Calvin Theological Journal 16 (1981): 149-205.

--. 'The Quest for the Historical Calvin'. The Evangelical Quarterly 55. (1983): 95-113.

--.John Calvin (GR: Eerdmans, 1999).

-- John Calvin: Student of the Church Fathers (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1999).

Leithart, Peter J. 'Stoic Elements in Calvin's Doctrine of the Christian Life. Part I: Original Corruption, Natural Law, and the Order of the Soul'. Westminster Theological Journal. 55 (1993): 31-54.

-- 'Stoic Elements in Calvin's Doctrine of the Christian Life. Part II. Mortification'. Westminster Theological Journal. 55 (1993): 191-208.

-- 'Stoic Elements in Calvin's Doctrine of the Christian Life. Part III. Christian Moderation'. Westminster Theological Journal. 56 (1994): 59-85.

-- 'That Eminent Pagan: Calvin's Use of Cicero in Institutes 1.1.5'. Westminster Theological Journal. 52 (1990): 1-12.

Letham, Robert, W. 'Amandus Polanus: A Neglected Theologian?' The Sixteenth Century Journal. 21 (1990): 463-476.

-- 'The Foedus Operum: Some Factors Accounting For Its Development'. The Sixteenth Century Journal. 14 (1983): 457-467.

-- 'Theodore Beza: A Reassessment'. The Scottish Journal of Theology 40 (1987): 25-40.

Lillback, Peter A. 'The Continuing Conundrum: Calvin and the Conditionality of the Covenant'. Calvin Theological Journal 29 (1994): 42-74.

-- 'Ursinus' Development of the Covenant of Creation: A Debt to Melanchthon or Calvin?' Westminster Theological Journal. 43 (1981): 247-288.

McGiffert, Michael. 'The Perkensian Moment of Federal Theology'. Calvin Theological Journal 29 (1994): 117-48.

McGrath, Alister E. A Life of John Calvin: A Study in the Shaping of Western Culture. Oxford, 1990.

McKim, Donald K. ed. Encyclopedia of the Reformed Faith. Louisville, 1992.

-- 'William Perkins and the Theology of the Covenant'. Studies of the Church in History. ed., Horton Davies. Allison Park, Pennsylvania, 1983.

McNeill, J.T. 'The Church in Sixteenth Century Reformed Theology'. Journal of Religion 22 (1942): 251-69.

-- The History and Character of Calvinism. Oxford, 1954.

Muller, Richard A. 'Duplex Cognitio Dei in the Theology of Early Reformed Orthodoxy'. Sixteenth Century Journal 10 (1979): 51-61.

-- 'Fides and Cognitio in Relation to the Problem of Intellect and Will in the Theology of John Calvin'. Calvin Theological Journal 25 (1990): 207-224.

-- 'Perkins' A Golden Chaine: Predestinarian System or Schematized Ordo Salutis?' Sixteenth Century Journal 9 (1978): 69-81

-- 'Christ in the Eschaton: Calvin and Moltmann on the Duration of the Munus Regium', Harvard Theological Review 74 (1981): 31-59.

-- The Unaccommodated Calvin: Studies in the Foundation of a Theological Tradition (Oxford: OUP, 1999).
If you buy only one book this year, buy this one.

-- Post-Reformation Reformed Dogmatics 2 vol. (GR: Baker, 1987-)

Murray, John. 'Calvin's Doctrine of Creation'. Westminster Theological Journal 17 (1954): 21-43.

-- Calvin on Scripture and Divine Sovereignty. Grand Rapids, 1960.

Naphy, William G. Calvin and the Consolidation of the Genevan Reformation. Manchester, 1994.

Neuser, Wilhelm H. ed. Calvinus Sacrae Scripturae. Grand Rapids, 1994.

-- 'Calvin's Teaching on the Notae Fidelium: An Unnoticed Part of the Institutio 4.1.8'. trans. Mark S. Burrows. In Probing the Reformed Tradition: Historical Studies in Honor of Edward A. Dowey, Jr. Louisville, 1989.

Nicole, Roger. 'The Doctrine of Definite Atonement in the Heidelberg Catechism'. Gordon Review 3 (1964): 138-45.

-- 'John Calvin's view of the Extent of the Atonement', Westminster Theological Journal 47 (1985): 197-225.

Niesel, W. The Theology of Calvin. trans. Knight. Philadelphia, 1956.

Nijenhuis, Willem. 'Calvin and the Augsburg Confession', Ecclesia Reformata. Studies on the Reformation. trans. Mary Foran. Leiden, 1972.

-- 'Calvin's "Subito Conversio": Notes on a Hypothesis", Ecclesia Reformata. Studies on the Reformation. vol., 2. Leiden, 1994.

Nischan, Bodo. '"The Fractio Panis': A Reformed Communion Practice in Late Reformation Germany'. Church History, 53 (1984): 17-29.

Nugent, D. Ecumenism in the Age of the Reformation: The Colloquy of Poissy. Cambridge, Mass. 1974.

Oberman, H.A. 'Initia Calvini: The Matrix of Calvin's Reformation'. Calvinus Sacrae Scripturae Professor. ed. Wilhelm H. Neuser. Grand Rapids, 1994.

-- 'The "Extra" Dimension in the Theology of Calvin' Journal of Ecclesiastical History 21 (1970): 43-64.

Packer, J.I. 'Calvin the Theologian'. In John Calvin: A Collection of Essays'. Grand Rapids, 1966.

Parker, T.H.L. The Doctrine of the Knowledge of God. London, 1952.

Partee, Charles. Calvin and Classical Philosophy. Leiden, 1977.

Peterson, Robert A. Calvin's Doctrine of the Atonement. Phillipsburg, N.J., 1983.

Platt, John. Reformed Thought and Protestant Scholasticism. Leiden, 1982.

Porter, C.W. Reformation and Reaction in Tudor Cambridge. Cambridge, 1958.

Prestwich, Menna. ed. International Calvinism 1541-1715 (Oxford, 1985).

Raitt, Jill. 'Three Inter-Related Principles in Calvin's Unique Doctrine of Infant Baptism'. Sixteenth Century Journal. 11 (1980): 51-62.

-- The Colloquy of Montbeliard. Religion and Politics in the Sixteenth Century. Oxford, 1993.

-- The Eucharistic Theology of Theodore Beza. Chambersburg, PA. 1972.

Schnucker, R.V. Calviniana: The Ideas and Influence of John Calvin. Kirksville, MO: Sixteenth Century Publishers, 1988.

-- ed. Calviniana. Ideas and Influence of Jean Calvin *Kirksville, 1988).

Tamburello, D.E. Union with Christ (Louisville, 1994)

Trueman, C. R. and R. S. Clark, ed. Protestant Scholasticism: Essays in Reassessment. Carlisle, UK: Paternoster, 1999.

An important collection of essays on the nature and development of Reformed and Lutheran orthodox and scholastic theology in the 16th and 17th centuries.

von Rohr, John. The Covenant of Grace in Puritan Thought (Atlanta, 1986).

Vos, G. 'The Doctrine of the Covenant in Reformed Theology'. Redemptive History and Biblical Interpretation: The Shorter Writings of Geerhardus Vos. trans. and ed. Richard B. Gaffin. Phillipsburg, 1980.

Wallace, Ronald S. Calvin's Doctrine of Word and Sacrament. Edinburgh, 1953

Warfield, Benjamin B. Calvin and Calvinism. New York, 1931.

Weir, David A. The Origins of the Federal Theology in Sixteenth Century Reformation Thought. Oxford, 1990.

Wendel, Francois. Calvin: Origins and Development of His Religious Thought. trans. Philip Mairet. London, 1965.

Willis, David E. Calvin's Catholic Christology. The Function of the So-Called Extra Calvinisticum in Calvin's Theology. Leiden, 1966.

Zachman, Randall C. The Assurance of Faith in the Theology of Martin Luther and John Calvin. Philadelphia, 1993.

10. Zwingli and Zwinglian Studies

Baker, J. Wayne. Covenant and Community in the Thought of Heinrich Bullinger. Philadelphia, 1980.

Büsser, Fritz. 'Bullinger and 1566'. Conflict and Conciliation: The Palatinate Reformation, 1559-1618. ed. Derk Visser. Pittsburgh, 1986.

McCoy, Charles S. and J. Wayne Baker. Fountainhead of Federalism: Heinrich Bullinger and the Covenantal Tradition with a Translation of De Testamento seu Foedere Dei Unico et Aeterno (1534). Louisville, 1991.

Stephens, W.P. The Theology of Huldrych Zwingli. Oxford, 1984.

Venema, Cornelis. 'Heinrich Bullinger's Correspondence on Calvin's Doctrine of Predestination'. Sixteenth Century Journal. 17 (1986): 435-450.

Wesel-Roth, Ruth. Thomas Erastus. Lahr-Baden, 1954

11. Bucer

Stephens, W.P. The Holy Spirit in the Theology of Martin Bucer (Cambridge, 1970)

12. Counter-Reformation

Bagchi, D.V.N. Luther’s Earliest Opponents (Phila: John Knox Press)

Dickens, A.G. The Counter Reformation. London, 1968.

Kidd, B.J. The Counter Reformation 1550-1600. London, 1933.

Schroeder, H.J. ed. The Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent (Rockford, 1978)

13. Anabaptists and Radicals

Littell, Franklin H. The Origins of Sectarian Protestantism (New York, 1964).

Williams, G.H. The Radical Reformation (Phila., 1962; rev. repr. Kirksville, 1994)

14. Cranmer

MacCulloch, D. Thoomas Cranmer: A Life (New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1996).
State of the art.

Ayris, P., D. Selwyn, Thomas Cranmer: Churchman and Scholar (London: Boydell and Brewer, 1999).

Ridley, J., Thomas Cranmer (Oxford: OUP, 1962),
The older, standard work.

G. Bromiley, Thomas Cranmer Theologian (New York:OUP, 1956).

Brooks, Peter Newman, Cranmer in Context (Cambridge: CUP, 1989).

15. Knox

MacGregor, G. The Thundering Scot: A Portrait of John Knox (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1957).

Ridley, J., Knox (Oxford: OUP, 1968).

Sefton, Jinkins, Torrance, John Knox (1993)

Not the strongest set of authors/editors. The latter two are not to be trusted.

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